People who suffer from heart attacks experience mild pain. Whereas 40% of women do not experience any pain while having a heart attack.
Menstrual cramps, on the other hand, affect 80 percent of women at some point. The uterus contracts during menstruation to assist evacuate its lining.
Prostaglandins are chemicals that assist the uterus in contracting and relaxing, allowing the lining to separate and flow out of the body.
The production of prostaglandins is required for uterine contraction. The uterus contracts more strongly when prostaglandin levels are higher. As a result, the uterus’s blood flow is temporarily interrupted, depriving the uterus muscle of oxygen and producing severe monthly cramps and suffering.
According to gynecologists, the cramps are more comparable to labor pain.
There are 2 types of period pains
Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type of period pain where there is no underlying condition that affects the uterus. Symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea include pain in the lower abdomen before and during the menstruation period.
Other Symptoms Include
This pain interferes with the daily life of around one in five women. Yet there has been little research into how to treat it and the signs that could point to a more serious condition are often missed.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by an underlying condition like endometriosis, fibroids, or pelvic inflammatory disease.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium grows outside the uterus and it usually involves the ovaries or the fallopian tube.
This misplaced tissue will grow, thicken and break down just as the normal endometrium does during the menstrual cycle.
This condition may cause extremely painful periods during bowel movements. it could even lead to problems with fertility.
Women also suffer emotionally due to these cramps. About 75% of menstruating women suffer from some symptoms of PMS that include tiredness, back pain, and headaches.
It’s not fully understood why women experience PMS but it may be because of fluctuations in their hormone levels.