Breaking Down Rabies: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Exploring the Essentials of Rabies: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

In Asia, the Philippines unfortunately stands out for having the most rabies-related deaths. With an annual average of over 300 to 400 deaths, the country remains far from achieving a rabies-free status.

In this article, we will explore the essential details of rabies. – its causes, symptoms, treatment options, and essential preventive measures. Grasping the importance of this disease, which can be life-threatening, is crucial for protecting yourself and your beloved furry friends.

Rabies Causes

Rabies is mainly caused by the rabies virus, commonly spread through the bite of an infected animal, such as a dog, bat, raccoon, or skunk. This virus impacts the central nervous system, resulting in severe neurological symptoms.

  1. Viral Transmission: Rabies is primarily triggered by the rabies virus, typically spread through the bite of an infected animal, commonly a dog, bat, raccoon, or skunk.
  2. Central Nervous System Impact: The virus affects the central nervous system, leading to severe neurological symptoms.

Rabies Symptoms

Understanding the symptoms of rabies is vital. Initial indications may involve fever, headache, and discomfort where bitten. As the disease advances, more noticeable symptoms such as confusion, anxiety, and excessive salivation can manifest. In advanced stages, paralysis and aggression may manifest.

Recognizing the symptoms of rabies is crucial. Early signs might include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Discomfort at the bite site

As the disease progresses, more pronounced symptoms like:

  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Excessive salivation

In advanced stages, additional symptoms like:

  • Paralysis
  • Aggression

Rabies Treatment

Once symptoms appear, rabies is nearly always fatal. That’s why seeking medical attention immediately after a potential exposure is essential. Treatment typically involves a series of rabies vaccines and, in some cases, rabies immune globulin injections. This post-exposure prophylaxis can prevent the virus from spreading in the body.

  1. Seek Medical Attention: Seek medical help right away after possible exposure.
  2. Vaccination Series: Treatment involves a series of rabies vaccines.
  3. Immune Globulin Injections: Rabies immune globulin injections may also be administered.

Rabies Prevention

The primary goal is to prevent rabies. Assure your pets have current rabies vaccinations, and avoid contact with unfamiliar animals or wildlife. If you’re bitten by an animal, even a seemingly harmless one, seek medical advice. Education and responsible pet ownership are essential to curbing the spread of rabies.

  • Pet Vaccination: Ensure pets are up-to-date on rabies vaccinations.
  • Avoid Contact: Avoid contact with wild or unfamiliar animals.
  • Seek Medical Advice: If bitten by any animal, seek medical advice, regardless of how harmless it seems.
  • Education and Ownership: Responsible pet ownership and education are vital to preventing rabies spread.


Understanding rabies empowers you to take proactive steps. These actions contribute to safety and preventing rabies spread. Stay informed and safe, from being cautious around animals to seeking medical attention after potential exposure.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How does rabies spread to humans?

Are there visible signs of rabies in animals?

Can rabies be treated once symptoms appear?

Can rabies be prevented in pets?

What steps should I take if an animal bites me?

Is rabies a global concern?

Can humans transmit rabies to other humans?

Can indoor pets contract rabies as well?

Is rabies curable if detected early?

Are there regions more prone to rabies outbreaks?

Rabies Insights

  1. From January to July 2023, the Laoag City Health Office in Ilocos Norte, As shared by the Philippine Information Agency, there were 1,542 recorded cases of animal bites. Sadly, one of these cases resulted in a death linked to rabies. Many of these incidents were due to bites from stray dogs. Quite recently, the city faced its first rabies-related death of the year. The victim, a 41-year-old man, was bitten by a stray dog in March. Unfortunately, he began showing signs of fear of water shortly before he passed away.
  2. According to the National Library of Medicine, despite the Philippine government’s commitments to eradicating rabies by 2020, the country still ranks fourth globally in disease cases, and the situation is worsening. In 1998, rabies caused the deaths of 362 Filipinos, with an estimated annual contraction of the disease by around 10,000 dogs.
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